By Theodore Vrettos
Vrettos describes how and why the intense minds of the a long time -- Greek students, Roman emperors, Jewish leaders, and fathers of the Christian Church -- all traveled to the shining port urban Alexander the good based in 332 B.C. on the mouth of the powerful Nile. There they loved studying from a unprecedented inhabitants of peaceable electorate whose wealthy highbrow lifestyles might quietly construct the technology, artwork, religion, or even politics of western civilization. not anyone has formerly argued that, not like the well known army facilities of the Mediterranean comparable to Rome, Carthage, and Sparta, Alexandria used to be a urban of the brain. In a short part at the nice conqueror and founder Alexander, we study that he himself was once a scholar of Aristotle.
In half of his majestic tale, Vrettos exhibits that during the sciences town witnessed an explosion: Aristarchus almost invented glossy astronomy; Euclid wrote the weather of geometry and based arithmetic; amazingly, Eratosthenes accurately figured the circumference of the earth; and 2,500 years sooner than Freud, the well known Alexandrian general practitioner Erasistratus pointed out a mysterious connection among sexual difficulties and anxious breakdowns.
What may well so cerebral a neighborhood care approximately geopolitics? As Vrettos explains within the 3rd a part of this epic saga, if Rome sought after strength and status within the Mediterranean, the emperors needed to safe the nice will of the ruling classification in Alexandria. Julius Caesar introduced down the Roman Republic, after which presently needed to visit Alexandria to safe his energy base. So starts a perfectly informed tale of political intrigue that does not finish till the conflict of Actium in 33 B.C. while Augustus Caesar defeated the 1st energy couple, Anthony and Cleopatra.
The fourth a part of Alexandria specializes in the sector of faith, and for Vrettos its heart is the well-known Alexandrian Library. the manager librarian commissioned the Septuagint, the oldest Greek model of the outdated testomony, which was once accomplished via Jewish intellectuals. neighborhood church fathers Clement and Origen have been key gamers within the improvement of Christianity; and the Coptic faith, with its emphasis on own wisdom of God, flourished.
Vrettos has combined compelling tales with astute historic perception. Having learn the entire old assets in historical Greek, Hebrew, and Latin himself, he has an expert's wisdom of the typical fact of his characters and environment. No reader will ever omit strolling with him down this misplaced city's attractive, amazing streets.
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Alexandria: City of the Western Mind by Theodore Vrettos